ḤALAFTA

ḤALAFTA
ḤALAFTA (early second century C.E.), tanna, father of the well-known tanna yose . Ḥalafta lived in sepphoris where he was a leader of the community (Tosef., Ta'an. 1:14; RH 27a). His colleague was johanan b. nuri who discussed halakhah with him; seemingly among his associates were also akiva (BB 56b, where Ḥalafta is called Abba Ḥalafta as also in Shab. 115a; Tosef., BB 2:10; Tosef., Kelim, BM 1:5), Ḥanina b. Teradyon (Ta'an. 2:5), and eleazar b. azariah (Tosef., Kelim, BB 2:2). It is possible that in the last years of the Temple he was living in Jerusalem since he transmitted an incident about Gamaliel the Elder (Tosef., Shab. 13:2). Several statements by him in halakhah and aggadah have been preserved, some by his son Yose (Kelim 26:6; Tosef., Bek. 2:19, et al.). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Hyman, Toledot, S.V.; J. Kanowitz, Ma'arekhot Tanna'im, 2 (1967), 107–9. (Zvi Kaplan)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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